The Upper Garden in Peterhof
The garden covers the area of 40 acres between St Petersburg Avenue and the southern Grand Palace façade. It is situated on top of the cliff – hence the name. The garden under Peter the Great had been used as the vegetable garden. Peter the Great was following Dutch gardening fashion here. The practical Dutch burgers along with making their gardens pretty were never forgetting the business side of life and were growing vegetables and herbs. Peter arrived to Peterhof mostly by the sea; the same did all his guests, this way most of them never got to see the Upper Garden at all. The epoch has changed, and when Peter’s niece empress Anne came to the throne in 1730, the main entrance to Peterhof was arranged from the side of the highway. The Upper Garden turned out to be the first entrance to Peterhof and was rearranged as the purely formal garden.
The last major reconstruction was implemented when under empress Elisabeth F. B. Rastrelli in 1750s was rebuilding the palace. The garden was significantly widened and has got cast iron fence with the stone columns around.
The landscape design of this park is compositionally bound to the architecture of the palace. There is the central axis with three geometrically calculated ponds. The parterre with green lawns corresponds with the central part of the palace building. Two square ponds and three pairs of symmetrical bosquets are corresponding with the wings of the building.
Landmarks of the Upper Garden in Peterhof